Where can I get information about the health effects of chemicals?
Health or safety information on a variety of chemicals and/or pesticides is available from the sources listed below.
"The Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) is an electronic database containing information on human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances in the environment.
U.S. EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS): A to Z List of IRIS Substances (Click on the substance name for a detailed fact sheet.), http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm?fuseaction=iris.showSubstanceList
IRIS homepage: http://www.epa.gov/iris/
You can contact IRIS by:
Online Comment Form: http://www.epa.gov/ncea/iris/contact_hotline.htm
Phone: (202) 566-1676
Fax: (202) 566-1749
c/o EPA Docket Center, Mail Code 28221T
1301 Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20005
Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants, http://www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/hlthef/hapindex.html
"The fact sheets available on this Web page describe the effects on human health of substances that are defined as hazardous by the 1990 amendments of the Clean Air Act. These substances include certain volatile organic chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, and radionuclides that present tangible hazard, based on scientific studies of exposure to humans and other mammals. There is uncertainty in the precise degree of hazard, and readers are cautioned that the fact sheets may be revised as additional data become available."
(Full-text of 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act: http://www.epa.gov/oar/caa/caaa.txt )
ACToR (Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource): http://www.epa.gov/actor/
ACToR is one of many EPA tools available for those interested in chemical toxicity to find data about potential chemical risks to human health and the environment. The data warehouse:
- Is a collection of databases collated or developed by the US EPA Computational Toxicology Research Program.
- Aggregates data from over 500 public sources on over 500,000 environmental chemicals searchable by chemical name, other identifiers, and by chemical structure.
- Data includes chemical structure, physico-chemical values, in vitro assay data and in vivo toxicology data. Chemicals include, but are not limited to, high and medium production volume industrial chemicals, pesticides (active and inert ingredients), and potential ground and drinking water contaminants.
- Provides a connection to another EPA chemical screening tool called ToxCast, a multi-year, multi-million dollar effort that uses advanced science tools to help efficiently understand biological processes impacted by chemicals that may lead to adverse health effects.
You may also be interested in the U.S. EPA Office of Groundwater and Drinking Water - Basic Information about Drinking Water Contaminants, http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/basicinformation/index.cfm
If you have additional questions regarding drinking water contaminants, you can contact the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791 or ask a question using the Frequently Asked Questions database: http://safewater.supportportal.com/
Here are some additional non-EPA resources which can provide assistance:
National Institutes of Health (NIH) - TOXNET: Hazardous Substances Data Bank,
Enter chemical/pesticide name into search box.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - NIOSH Databases and Other Resources, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/chemical-safety/default.html
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) - ToxFAQs, http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp
"The ATSDR ToxFAQs is a series of summaries about hazardous substances developed by the ATSDR Division of Toxicology. Information for this series is excerpted from the ATSDR Toxicological Profiles and Public Health Statements. Each fact sheet serves as a quick and easy to understand guide. Answers are provided to the most frequently asked questions (FAQs) about exposure to hazardous substances found around hazardous waste sites and the effects of exposure on human health."
Haz-Map: Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Agents, http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/
"Haz-Map is an occupational toxicology database designed to link jobs to hazardous job tasks which are linked to occupational diseases and their symptoms. It is a relational database of chemicals, jobs and diseases."
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health - International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs): US National Version: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcs/ipcscard.html
"An ICSC summarizes essential health and safety information on chemicals for their use at the "shop floor" level by workers and employers in factories, agriculture, construction and other work places."
You may also be interested in browsing the resources in these Frequently Asked Questions:
Title: How do I find information about pollutants and the ways that people might be exposed to them?
Title: Does the EPA prepare or maintain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)?
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- Topic #: 23002-24303
- Date Created: 11/4/2004
- Last Modified Since: 2/5/2014
- Viewed: 2574